Greece and the Near East in the Early 1st Millennium BCE

A paper by Assistant Professor Antonis Kotsonas, University of Cincinnati, AAIA Visiting Professor, for the Ancient World Seminar at 1:00 on Monday 3 September in room 156, Arts West North Wing.

The complex and dense networks of interaction that linked Greece and the Near East were severely dismantled in the late 2nd millennium BCE.  In the course of the early 1st millennium BCE connections were gradually restored through the agency of both Greeks and Near Eastern people, especially the Phoenicians and, by the 7th century BCE, Greek culture was strongly Orientalizing.  Moving beyond the traditional art-historical concept of a stand-alone, Orientalizing phase in the 7th century BCE, this lecture promotes the concept of the Orientalizing as a dimension rather than a phase of ancient Greek culture and explores the manipulation of the East by different Greek social groups over the early 1st millennium BCE.  Particular emphasis is given to the sites/regions and ethnic or other groups that pioneered the restoration of interconnections between the Aegean and the Near East; and on the regional and intra-regional variation in the modes of production, distribution and consumption of Near Eastern styles in the Aegean.